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What is Rosh Hashanah? Happy Jewish New Year

Many people are now interested in learning about Jewish New year and they will learn all the details here. Rosh Hashanah is a Jewish new year. The Jewish New Year, the commemoration of the production of Adam and Eve, a day of judgment and crowning ceremony, and sounding of the shofar.

What: It is the birthday of the universe, the day G‑d made Adam and Eve, and it’s commended as the leader of the Jewish year.

What is Rosh Hashanah?

When Rosh Hashanah Start in this year?

At the point when:

The initial two days of the Jewish new year, Tishrei 1 and 2, starting at dusk on the eve of Tishrei 1. Rosh Hashanah 2019 starts at twilight on September 29 and proceeds through sunset on October 1 (see more subtleties here).


Candle lighting in the nighttimes, happy dinners with sweet luxuries during the night and day, petition benefits that incorporate the sounding of the smash’s horn (shofar) on the two mornings, and halting from imaginative work. See our schedule for subtleties.

In this article you will learn:

  1. Why Rosh Hashanah Is Important

  2. What’s It Called?

  3. First Priority: Hear the Shofar

  4. Other Rosh Hashanah Observances

  5. Rosh Hashanah Prayers

  6. Rosh Hashanah Feasts

  7. What’s Next?

  8. More Heads of the Year

Why Rosh Hashanah Is Important?

The Jewish New Year, Rosh Hashanah really signifies “Leader of the Year.” Just like the head controls the body, our activities on Rosh Hashanah tremendously affect the remainder of the year.

As we read in the Rosh Hashanah petitions, every year on this day “all occupants of the world go before G‑d like a herd of sheep,” and it is announced in the brilliant court “who will live, and who will bite the dust … who will be ruined and who will be improved; who will fall and who will rise.”

It is a day of the petition, an opportunity to request that the Almighty award us a time of harmony, thriving and favouring. Yet, it is additionally a euphoric day when we declare G‑d King of the Universe. The Kabbalists encourage that the proceeded with the presence of the universe relies upon G‑d’s craving for a world, a longing that is recharged when we acknowledge His sovereignty once more every year on Rosh Hashanah.

What’s It Called?

● The most well-known name for this occasion is Rosh Hashanah, the name utilized in the eponymous tractate of Talmud gave to the occasion.

● The Torah alludes right up ’til today as Yom Teruah (Day of Shofar Blowing).1

● In our supplications, we frequently call it Yom Hazikaron (Day of Remembrance) and Yom Hadin (Day of Judgment) since this is the day when G‑d reviews the entirety of His manifestations and decides their destiny for the year ahead.

● Together with Yom Kippur (which pursues 10 days after the fact), it is a piece of the Yamim Nora’im (Days of Awe, or: High Holidays).

First Priority: Hear the Shofar

The focal recognition of Rosh Hashanah is the sounding of the shofar, the slam’s horn, on the two days of the occasion (aside from if the principal day is Shabbat, in which case we blow the shofar just on the subsequent day).

The initial 30 impacts of the shofar are blown after the Torah perusing during morning administrations, and upwards of 70 extra are blown during (and following) the Musaf administration, signifying 100 impacts through the span of the Rosh Hashanah morning administrations (a few networks sound another round of 30 impacts after administrations too). For somebody who can’t come to synagogue, the shofar might be heard the remainder of the day. On the off chance that you can’t make it out of your home if it’s not too much trouble contact your nearest Chabad focus to see about organizing a “house call.”

The shofar blowing contains a progression of three sorts of impacts: tekiah, a long cry like impact; shevarim, a progression of three short howls; and teruah, at any rate, nine puncturing staccato blasts.

(Peruse progressively about the shofar impacts here.)

The blowing of the shofar speaks to the trumpet impact that is sounded at a lord’s crowning ceremony. Its mournful cry likewise fills in as a call to atonement. The shofar itself reviews the Binding of Isaac, an occasion that happened on Rosh Hashanah in which a slam had Isaac’s spot as an offering to G‑d. (Peruse more on the explanations behind shofar here.)

Other Rosh Hashanah Observances

Greetings: On the main night of Rosh Hashanah, with a male, “Leshanah Tovah tikatev vetichatem;” for a female say, “Leshanah Tovah tikatevee vetichatemee” (“May you be recorded and fixed for a decent year”). At different occasions, wish them a “Gemar chatimah Tovah” (“A great engraving and fixing [in the Book of Life]”). (More on the Rosh Hashanah welcome here.)


As with each major Jewish occasion, ladies and young ladies light candles on each night of Rosh Hashanah and discuss the proper endowments. On a subsequent night, make a point to utilize a current fire and consider another natural product that you will eat (or piece of clothing that you are wearing) while you state the Shehechiyanu favouring. Snap here for flame lighting times in your general vicinity and here for the endowments.


On the main evening of Rosh Hashanah (gave that it isn’t Shabbat), it is standard to go to a waterway (sea, stream, lake, and so forth.) and play out the Tashlich function, in which we formally cast our wrongdoings into the water. With this custom we are emblematically bringing out the stanza, “And You will cast their wrongdoings into the profundities of the ocean.” The short supplication for this administration can be found in your machzor.

For extra guidance with respect to this year, see our Rosh Hashanah schedule.

Rosh Hashanah Prayers

A great part of the day is spent in synagogue, where we supplicate that G‑d award the entirety of His manifestations a sweet new year. The night and evening supplications are like the petitions said on an ordinary occasion. In any case, the morning administrations are fundamentally more.

The occasion prayerbook—called a machzor—contains every one of the supplications and Torah readings for the whole day. The most huge expansion is the shofar blowing function. In any case, there are likewise other significant components of the supplication administration that are remarkable to Rosh Hashanah.

The Torah is perused on the two mornings of Rosh Hashanah

On the main day, we read about Isaac’s introduction to the world and the consequent expulsion of Hagar and Ishmael.2 Appropriately, the perusing is trailed by a haftarah finding out about the introduction of Samuel the Prophet.3 Both readings contain the subject of supplications for youngsters being replied, and both of these births occurred on Rosh Hashanah.

On a subsequent morning, we read about Abraham’s close penance of his child Isaac.4 As referenced over, the shofar blowing reviews the slam, which figures unmistakably in this story as a ground-breaking show of Abraham’s commitment to G‑d that has described His youngsters from that point onward. The haftarah5 recounts G‑d’s endless love for His kin.

(More on the Torah readings for Rosh Hashanah, here.)

The cantor’s redundancy of the Amidah (Silent Prayer) is peppered with piyyutim, graceful petitions that express our determined wishes for the year and different topics of the day. For specific determinations, those esteemed particularly ground-breaking, the ark is opened. Huge numbers of these increases are intended to be said responsively, as a joint exertion between the petition chief and the assembly.

Indeed, even without the additional piyyutim, the Rosh Hashanah Musaf petition is fundamentally longer than it is the remainder of the year. This is on the grounds that its single-centre gift is separated into three extra endowments, each concentrating on another of the occasion’s fundamental topics: G‑d’s majesty, our desire that He “recollect” us for the great, and the shofar. Each gift contains a composition of Biblical sections that express its topic and is then trailed by a series of shofar blowing.

Rosh Hashanah Feasts

We eat bubbly suppers consistently and day of the occasion. Like all other occasion suppers, we start by recounting kiddush over wine and afterwards state the gift over bread. Be that as it may, there are some significant contrasts:

a. The bread (generally heated into round challah portions, and frequently sprinkled with raisins) is plunged into nectar rather than salt, communicating our desire for a sweet year. We do this on Rosh Hashanah, Shabbat Shuvah (the Shabbat before Yom Kippur), in the pre-Yom Kippur supper and during Sukkot.

b. Promoting the sweet subject, it is conventional to start the dinner on a principal night with cuts of apple dunked in nectar. Prior to eating the apple, we make the ha’eitz gift and afterwards state, “May it be Your will to restore for us a decent and sweet year.”

c. Numerous individuals eat portions of the leader of a fish or a smash, communicating the desire that “we be ahead and not a tail.”

d. In numerous networks, there are extra conventional nourishments eaten, each symbolizing a desire for the coming year. Many eat pomegranates, offering a voice to a desire that “our benefits be many like the [seeds of the] pomegranate.” Another normal nourishment is tzimmes, a sweet carrot-based dish eaten due to its Yiddish name, Merren, which implies both “carrot” and “increment,” symbolizing a desire for a time of wealth.

e. It is conventional to stay away from nuts (here’s the reason) just as vinegar-based, sharp nourishments, most strikingly the horseradish customarily eaten with gefilte fish since we don’t need an unpleasant year.

f. On the second night of the occasion, we don’t eat the apples, fish heads, pomegranates, and so forth. Be that as it may, before we eat (and dunk it in nectar), we eat “another organic product,” something we have not tasted since the last time it was in season. (Peruse this blog entry to become familiar with the explanation behind the new products of the soil other customary nourishments.)

What’s Next On Rosh Hashanah?

Did you know that Rosh Hashanah is the beginning of the Yamim Nora’im (High Holidays)? The blessed day of Yom Kippur when we assemble in a synagogue for 25 hours of fasting, supplication and motivation, is only seven days after the fact. The days in the middle of (known as the 10 Days of Repentance, or the Ten Days of Return) are a particularly auspicious time for Teshuvah, coming back to G‑d. Yom Kippur is trailed by the euphoric occasions of Sukkot and Simchat Torah.

The period of the High Holidays is a period for an epic adventure for the spirit, and Rosh Hashanah is the place everything starts.

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